The Global Carbon Budget 2018 is a collaborative effort of the global carbon cycle science community coordinated by the Global Carbon Project.                                                                                                         
DATA SOURCES & TERMS OF USE:
The use of data is conditional on citing the original data sources.
Full details on how to cite the data are given at the top of each page. For research projects, if the data are essential to the work, or if an important result or conclusion depends on the data, co-authorship may need to be considered. The Global Carbon Project facilitates access to data to encourage its use and promote a good understanding of the carbon cycle. Respecting original data sources is key to help secure the support of data providers to enhance, maintain and update valuable data. 
                                                                                                       
                                                                                                         
Reference of the full global carbon budget 2018: Corinne Le Quéré, Robbie M. Andrew, Pierre Friedlingstein, Stephen Sitch, Judith Hauck, Julia Pongratz, Penelope A. Pickers, Jan Ivar Korsbakken, Glen P. Peters, Josep G. Canadell, Almut Arneth, Vivek K. Arora, Leticia Barbero, Ana Bastos, Laurent Bopp, Frédéric Chevallier, Louise P. Chini, Philippe Ciais, Scott C. Doney, Thanos Gkritzalis, Daniel S. Goll, Ian Harris, Vanessa Haverd, Forrest M. Hoffman, Mario Hoppema, Richard A. Houghton, George Hurtt, Tatiana Ilyina, Atul K. Jain, Truls Johannesen, Chris D. Jones, Etsushi Kato, Ralph F. Keeling, Kees Klein Goldewijk, Peter Landschützer, Nathalie Lefèvre, Sebastian Lienert, Zhu Liu, Danica Lombardozzi, Nicolas Metzl, David R. Munro, Julia E. M. S. Nabel, Shin-ichiro Nakaoka, Craig Neill, Are Olsen, Tsueno Ono, Prabir Patra, Anna Peregon, Wouter Peters, Philippe Peylin, Benjamin Pfeil, Denis Pierrot, Benjamin Poulter, Gregor Rehder, Laure Resplandy, Eddy Robertson, Matthias Rocher, Christian Rödenbeck, Ute Schuster, Jörg Schwinger, Roland Séférian, Ingunn Skjelvan, Tobias Steinhoff, Adrienne Sutton, Pieter P. Tans, Hanqin Tian, Bronte Tilbrook, Francesco N Tubiello, Ingrid T. van der Laan-Luijkx, Guido R. van der Werf, Nicolas Viovy, Anthony P. Walker, Andrew J. Wiltshire, Rebecca Wright, Sönke Zaehle, Bo Zheng: Global Carbon Budget 2018, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 2018b. https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-10-2141-2018                                                                                                        
See also:                                                                                                        
Figueres, C., C. Le Quéré, A. Mahindra, O. Baete, G. Whiteman, G. P. Peters, D. Guan (2018). Emissions are still rising: ramp up the cuts. Nature. https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-07585-6                                                                                                        
Jackson, R.B., C. Le Quéré, R. M. Andrew, J.G. Canadell, J.I. Korsbakken, Z. Liu, G.P. Peters, and B. Zheng (2018). Global Energy Growth Is Outpacing Decarbonization, Environmental Research Letters. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/af303                                                                                                        
Further information is available on: http://www.globalcarbonproject.org/carbonbudget                                                                                                        
References to previous updates of the Global Carbon Budget by the Global Carbon Project:                                                                                                         
2018a: Le Quéré, Corinne, Robbie M. Andrew, Pierre Friedlingstein, Stephen Sitch, Julia Pongratz, Andrew C. Manning, Jan Ivar Korsbakken, Glen P. Peters, Josep G. Canadell, Robert B. Jackson, Thomas A. Boden, Pieter P. Tans, Oliver D. Andrews, Vivek Arora, Dorothee C. E. Bakker, Leticia Barbero, Meike Becker, Richard A. Betts, Laurent Bopp, Frédéric Chevallier, Louise P. Chini, Philippe Ciais, Cathy Cosca, Jessica Cross, Kim Currie, Thomas Gasser, Ian Harris, Judith Hauck, Vanessa Haverd, Richard A. Houghton, Christopher W.  Hunt, George Hurtt, Tatiana Ilyina, Atul K. Jain, Etsushi Kato, Markus Kautz, Ralph F. Keeling, Kees Klein Goldewijk, Arne Körtzinger, Peter Landschützer, Nathalie Lefèvre, Andrew Lenton, Sebastian Lienert, Ivan Lima, Danica Lombardozzi, Nicolas Metzl, Frank Millero, Pedro M. S. Monteiro, David R. Munro, Julia E. M. S. Nabel, Shin-ichiro Nakaoka, Yukihiro Nojiri, X. Antoni Padin, Benjamin Pfeil, Denis Pierrot, Benjamin Poulter, Gregor Rehder, Janet Reimer, Christian Rödenbeck, Jörg Schwinger, Roland Séférian, Ingunn Skjelvan, Benjamin D. Stocker, Hanqin Tian, Bronte Tilbrook, Francesco N. Tubiello, Ingrid T. van der Laan-Luijkx, Guido R. van der Werf, Steven M. A. C. van Heuven, Nicolas Viovy, Nicolas Vuichard, Anthony P. Walker, Andrew J. Watson, Andrew J. Wiltshire, Sönke Zaehle, Dan Zhu: Global Carbon Budget 2017, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 10, 405-499, 2018. https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-10-405-2018
2017: Peters, G.P., C. Le Quéré, R.M. Andrew, J.G. Canadell, P. Friedlingstein, T. Ilyina, R. Jackson, J.I. Korsbakken, G.A. McKinley, S. Sitch, P. Tans: Towards real-time verification of carbon dioxide emissions, Nature Climate Change, 7, 848-850, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-017-0013-9                                                                                                   
2016: Le Quéré, C., Andrew, R. M., Canadell, J. G., Sitch, S., Korsbakken, J. I., Peters, G. P., Manning, A. C., Boden, T. A., Tans, P. P., Houghton, R. A., Keeling, R. F., Alin, S., Andrews, O. D., Anthoni, P., Barbero, L., Bopp, L., Chevallier, F., Chini, L. P., Ciais, P., Currie, K., Delire, C., Doney, S. C., Friedlingstein, P., Gkritzalis, T., Harris, I., Hauck, J., Haverd, V., Hoppema, M., Klein Goldewijk, K., Jain, A. K., Kato, E., Körtzinger, A., Landschützer, P., Lefèvre, N., Lenton, A., Lienert, S., Lombardozzi, D., Melton, J. R., Metzl, N., Millero, F., Monteiro, P. M. S., Munro, D. R., Nabel, J. E. M. S., Nakaoka, S. I., O'Brien, K., Olsen, A., Omar, A. M., Ono, T., Pierrot, D., Poulter, B., Rödenbeck, C., Salisbury, J., Schuster, U., Schwinger, J., Séférian, R., Skjelvan, I., Stocker, B. D., Sutton, A. J., Takahashi, T., Tian, H., Tilbrook, B., van der Laan-Luijkx, I. T., van der Werf, G. R., Viovy, N., Walker, A. P., Wiltshire, A. J., and Zaehle, S.: Global Carbon Budget 2016, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 8, 605-649, 10.5194/essd-8-605-2016, 2016.
2015: Le Quéré, C, R Moriarty, RM Andrew, JG Canadell, S Sitch, JI Korsbakken, P Friedlingstein, GP Peters, RJ Andres, TA Boden, RA Houghton, JI House, RF Keeling, P Tans, A Arneth, DCE Bakker, L Barbero, L Bopp, J Chang, F Chevallier, LP Chini, P Ciais, M Fader, RA Feely, T Gkritzalis, I Harris, J Hauck, T Ilyina, AK Jain, E Kato, V Kitidis, K Klein Goldewijk, C Koven, P Landschützer, SK Lauvset, N Lefèvre, A Lenton, ID Lima, N Metzl, F Millero, DR Munro, A Murata, JEMS Nabel, S Nakaoka, Y Nojiri, K O'Brien, A Olsen, T Ono, FF Pérez, B Pfeil, D Pierrot, B Poulter, G Rehder, C Rödenbeck, S Saito, U Schuster, J Schwinger, R Séférian, T Steinhoff, BD Stocker, AJ Sutton, T Takahashi, B Tilbrook, IT van der Laan-Luijkx, GR van der Werf, S van Heuven, D Vandemark, N Viovy, A Wiltshire, S Zaehle, and N Zeng 2015 Global Carbon Budget 2015 Earth System Science Data, 7, 349-396 doi:10.5194/essd-7-349-2015        
2015: Jackson, R. B., Canadell, J. G., Le Quéré, C., Andrew, R. M., Korsbakken, J. I., Peters, G. P., and Nakicenovic, N.: Reaching peak emissions, Nature Climate Change, 6, 7-10, 2016.                                                                                                        
2014: Le Quéré, C, R Moriarty, R M Andrew, G P Peters, P Ciais, P Friedlingstein, S D Jones, S Sitch, P Tans, A Arneth, T A Boden, L Bopp, Y Bozec, J G Canadell, Chini, L P, F Chevallier, C E Cosca, I Harris, M Hoppema, R A Houghton, J I House, A K Jain, T Johannessen, E Kato, R F Keeling, V Kitidis, K Klein Goldewijk, C Koven, C S Landa, P Landschützer, A Lenton, I D Lima, G Marland, J T Mathis, N Metzl, Y Nojiri, A Olsen, T Ono, S Peng, W Peters, B Pfeil, B Poulter, M R Raupach, P Regnier, C Rödenbeck, S Saito, J E Salisbury, U Schuster, J Schwinger, R Séférian, J Segschneider, T Steinhoff, B D Stocker, A J Sutton, T Takahashi, B Tilbrook, G R van der Werf, N Viovy, Y-P Wang, R Wanninkhof, A Wiltshire, and N Zeng 2015. Global Carbon Budget 2014 Earth System Science Data, 7, 47-85, doi:105194/essd-7-47-2015                    
2014: Friedlingstein, P., Andrew, R. M., Rogelj, J., Peters, G. P., Canadell, J. G., Knutti, R., Luderer, G., Raupach, M. R., Schaeffer, M., van Vuuren, D. P., and Le Quéré, C.: Persistent growth of CO2 emissions and implications for reaching climate targets, Nature Geoscience, 2014. 2014.                                                                                                  
2013: Le Quéré, C, G P Peters, R J Andres, R M Andrew, T A Boden, P Ciais, P Friedlingstein, R A Houghton, G Marland, R Moriarty, S Sitch, P Tans, A Arneth, A Arvanitis, D C E Bakker, L Bopp, J G Canadell, L P Chini, S C Doney, A Harper, I Harris, J I House, A K Jain, S D Jones, E Kato, R F Keeling, K Klein Goldewijk, A Körtzinger, C Koven, N Lefèvre, F Maignan, A Omar, T Ono, G-H Park, B Pfeil, B Poulter, M R Raupach, P Regnier, C Rödenbeck, S Saito, J Schwinger, J Segschneider, B D Stocker, T Takahashi, B Tilbrook, S van Heuven, N Viovy, R Wanninkhof, A Wiltshire, and S Zaehle, 2014. Global Carbon Budget 2013 Earth Syst Sci Data, 6, 235-263, 2014, doi:105194/essd-6-235-2014, wwwearth-syst-sci-datanet/6/235/2014/                                  
2012: Le Quéré, C, R J Andres, T Boden, T Conway, R A Houghton, J I House, G Marland, G P Peters, G R van der Werf, A Ahlström, R M Andrew,  L Bopp, J G Canadell, P Ciais, S C Doney, P Friedlingstein, C Huntingford, A K Jain, C Jourdain, E Kato, R Keeling, K Klein Goldewijk, S Levis, P Levy, M Lomas, B Poulter, M Raupach, J Schwinger, S Sitch, B D Stocker, N Viovy, S Zaehle and N Zeng 2012. The Global Carbon Budget 1959 - 2011 Earth Syst Sci Data, doi:105194/essdd-5-165-2013, 2013 http://www.earth-syst-sci-data-discuss.net/5/165/2013/                                                            
2012: Peters, G, RM Andrews, T Boden, JG Canadell, P Ciais, C Le Quéré, G Marland, MR Raupach and C Wilson, 2013. The challenge to keep global warming below 2C Nature Climate Change, 3, 4-6                                                                                                        
2011: Peters, G, Marland, G, Le Quéré, C, Boden, T, Canadell, JG, and Raupach, MR, 2012. Rapid growth in CO2 emissions after the 2008–2009 global financial crisis Nature Climate Change, 2: pp 2-4                                                                                                        
2010: Friedlingstein, P, Houghton, RA, Marland, G, Hackler, J, Boden, TA, Conway, TJ, Canadell, JG, Raupach, MR, Ciais, P, and Le Quéré, C, 2010. Update on CO2 emissions Nature Geoscience, 3, 811-812                                                                                                        
2009: Le Quéré, C,  Raupach, MR,  Canadell, JG, Marland, G, Bopp, L, Ciais, P, Conway, TJ,  Doney, SC, Feely, R, Foster, P, Friedlingstein, P, Gurney, K, Houghton, RA, House, JI, Huntingford, C, Levy, PE, Lomas, MR, Majkut, J, Metzl, N, Ometto, JP, Peters, GP, Prentice, IC, Randerson, JT, Running, SW, Sarmiento, JL, Schuster, U, Sitch, S, Takahashi, T, Viovy, N, van der Werf, GR, Woodward, FI, 2009. Trends in the sources and sinks of carbon dioxide Nature Geoscience, 2, 831-836 Requests reprints at: clequere(at)uea.ac.uk                                                                
2007: Canadell, JC, Le Quéré, C, Raupach, MR, Fields, C, Buitenhuis, ET, Ciais, P, Conway, TJ, Gillett, N, Houghton, RA, and Marland, G, 2007. Contributions to accelerating atmospheric CO2 growth from economic activity, carbon intensity, and efficiency of natural sinks PNAS, 104, 18866-18870                                                                                                  
2006: Raupach, MR, Marland, G, Ciais, P, Le Quéré, C, Canadell, JG, Klepper, G, and CB Field, CB, 2007. Global and Regional Drivers of Accelerating CO2 Emissions PNAS, 104, 10288-10293                                                                                                        
                                                                                                         
Feedbacks and questions on this database should be sent to: c.lequere@uea.ac.uk                                                                                                        
                                                                                                         
Version control:                                                                                                         
Difference between version 1.0 and version 1.0_Sep2018: Model names and author list updated.                                                                                                        
                                                                                                         
Last updated on 30 November 2018                                                                                                        
Version 1.0 (Global_Carbon_Budget_2018v1.0.xlsx)